One of the primary components of a website is having a domain name. A domain name is the address that people use to access your website, (for example www.example.com) and it is crucial to understand what it is and how it works.
Definition of a Domain
A domain name is a unique identifier that represents an internet protocol (IP) address. An IP address is a series of numbers that help computers locate and communicate with each other on the internet. A domain name provides an easy-to-remember name for a website, making it easier for people to find and access the website without having to remember a series of numbers.
Components of a Domain
A domain name is composed of two or more parts, separated by dots. The right-most part of the domain name is called the top-level domain (TLD), while the left parts are the second-level domain (SLD) and any additional subdomains. For example, in the domain name “figdrop.com,” “com” is the TLD, “figdrop” is the SLD, and “www” is a subdomain.
Domain Registration and Ownership
To use a domain name for a website, it must be registered with a domain registrar. Domain registrars are companies that manage the reservation of domain names and their associated IP addresses. When you purchase a domain name, you are essentially renting it for a set amount of time, usually one year. After the rental period expires, you can renew the registration to continue using the domain name. If you purchase a website subscription from Shopify or Squarespace, the first year of domain registry should be included in your subscription.
Domain registrars include:
However, I recommend purchasing your domain from the same company that you plan on hosting your site with. This simplifies and streamlines your website set-up process as nothing will need to be redirected or transferred (which can cause delays) as everything is in the same place!
I personally use Siteground for every site I build, as their product, customer service and pricing are all the best I have experienced.
Bluehost is another great company that offers both domains and hosting.
In conclusion, a domain name is a critical component of any online presence, providing a unique identifier for a website. It is composed of two or more parts, with the TLD being the right-most part of the domain name. Understanding how domains work and how to register and use them is essential for establishing an online presence for your business or personal use.
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